Although not found in Pennsylvania, special axe grinding slabs have been found in the western United States.
In order to attain a very high polish, the final rubbing takes place on a charred piece of wood.
The groove formed early in the manufacturing process.
Once the entire surface was pecked to the desired shape, the axe blank was rubbed on a piece of sandstone to smooth the surface.
Depending on the degree of stone that needed to be removed to reach the desired shape, axes are first chipped to remove excess material or if only a small amount of material needs to be removed, they are pecked into shape.
The pecking process involves using a stone hammer and repeatedly but carefully striking the axe blank, removing small pieces of the surface.
There are two basic axe forms; chipped axes and pecked and polished axes.
Our goal is to make a list of all that we have, catalogue them by type and take some basic measurements to determine variations in size, breakage patterns, how they were made and the lithic materials that were used.A full grooved axe has a groove that encircles the entire piece.On the ¾ grooved axes, the groove does not extend to the bottom side.Axes are one of several hafted stone tool types that are differentiated by the angle at which the head is seated.An axe blade or head, is hafted parallel to the handle rather than perpendicular to the handle as in hoes or adzes.